Learning how to tie basic knots is an important survival skill. You might need to turn two short ropes into one long rope, or just tie down a tarp. Whatever the reason, knot tying is a basic part of survival. There are many kinds of knots, each with a different purpose, but if you don’t want to learn them all, then you should at least learn these three: the sheet bend knot, bowline knot and the clove hitch knot.
Sheet Bend Knot
For this knot, you will need two lengths of rope, one thick, and one thin.
Step 1. Fold one end of the thick piece of rope back on itself to form a bend, or bite, that looks like a U-shape tipped on its left side.
Step 2. Slip one end of the thinner through the bite from the behind.
Step 3. Wrap the end of the thinner rope around both arms of the bite, crossing over the short arm first and staying below the trailing end of the thin rope.
Step 4. Bringing the end of the thinner rope around to the front, pass it between itself and the short arm.
Step 5. Tighten the knot by pulling both ends of the thinner rope.
The Bowline Knot
You will need a single length of rope.
Step 1. Cross the end of the rope over the top of the remaining rope making a Q shape.
Step 2. Pass a short portion of the end of the rope, or tail of the Q, through the loop from behind and back along the remaining rope. Thread it loosely, leaving behind a new large loose loop to the right of your Q.
Step 3. Pass the short portion of the end around the back of the remaining rope.
Step 4. Bring the short portion of the end back up and once again pass it through the small loop, your initial Q, this time from the front.
Step 5. Cinch the knot closed and use the resulting loop to secure your bow.
The Clove Hitch Knot
You will need a single length of rope and something to hitch to such as a post, pole or ring.
Step 1. Loop the end of the rope counterclockwise around the object you are hitching to, let’s say a pole, and cross it over the remaining length of rope.
Step 2. Make another counterclockwise loop around the pole, but this time pass the end of the rope through the loop you’ve just formed.
Step 3. Pull at both ends to tighten the knot.