Survival in the wilderness is not an easy task, most people, in fact could not make it more than a few weeks in the wild as they would fail to find food, clean water, warmth and shelter.
Having the right tools at hand can greatly increase your odds of survival, and having the knowledge of how to use said tools is equally important.
When we think about a wilderness survival situation, we picture bugging out to the woods, and living off grid for as long as we have to until things settle down back in the real world, or a major SHTF event has occurred, such as a pandemic, and the remaining few are left to fend for themselves.
This is a lot easier said than done, and in order to to have a moderate chance of survival, you must have extensive knowledge of the wildlife in the area, edible plants, trapping animals, hunting and preparing them for eating.
In order make these tasks a lot easier to do, we will need to have a few tools at hand, which I am going to cover in the list below.
This list of tools for survival will not guarantee you will make it out of a survival situation alive, but they will assist you in carrying out common survival tasks, such as fire starting, hunting, trapping and preparing food. The only thing that can guarantee your survival is your knowledge and mindset.
The knife is one of the oldest cutting tools known to man, it has been around since the stone age, maybe even longer. Knives can be used for a wide array of tasks, such as skinning game, splitting wood for kindling, preparing food, self defence and much more.
Having a quality knife in your kit is essential. When picking a knife, there area number of different factors you need to consider.
A good knife should be full tang and have a blade length of around 4-5 inches, any longer, and it is going to struggle at delicate tasks, and any shorter and it will be a lot harder to use for food prep and such.
When looking for a knife, you also need to take into consideration the steel which is being used.
Today, there are a wide variety of steels used in knives. A 1095 High carbon steel knife is a good budget option, and CPM 3V is a great option for a higher end knife. Both steels preform excellent, and are very durable and tough.
One other thing you need to consider is the grind of the knife, meaning, the shape of the cutting edge. For an all round knife, I would go for a convex grind, it is very strong, easy to maintain, cuts well, and is very sharp.
Next on the list of important survival tools is the Axe or hatchet. Having a good quality axe, such as a Hultafors (Hults Bruk) is essential. An axe can be used for many different tasks, and can even replace your knife in the event that it gets broken, or lost.
The main use of your axe in a survival situation will be for wood processing. If you are stuck in the wilderness, you will need to build a shelter, and gather firewood. An axe is a great tool for this. It can be used to fell small trees, and cut branches to build shelters, and also for firewood.
Another important role for the axe is splitting wood for a fire. While an axe is not primarily made for splitting, it can be done, and saves you carrying a splitting wedge, or splitting maul.
Whole logs are sometimes hard to get burning if they are damp on the outside, so by splitting the logs with an axe, you are exposing the dry core of the log, and therefore it will burn easier.
Fire is a very important element in survival. It provides heat, can be used to cook on, and you can also purity water over a fire, in order to make it safe for drinking. A fire also fends off predators, such as bears, and can help to keep flies away.
A firesteel is a great way to get a fire going. They work then wet, and don’t fail like lighters do. A quality firesteel, such as the light my fire firesteel, can last many years if the user has the correct technique, and can produce sparks in excess of 2000 degrees F.
Using a firesteel takes some practise, but once you have the technique mastered, you will be able to get a fire going in any conditions, provided you can find suitable tinder, which is easy, when you know where to look!
Stainless Steel Pot
Last thing on this list is a stainless steel pot. This has a wide variety of uses, it can be used for collecting water, boiling water, cooking, collecting wild edibles and so on.
Replicating a stainless steel pot in the wilderness would be a pretty hard thing to do, if not impossible, as are all the tools, which is why I have included them on this list.
A good quality stainless steel pot will last you a lifetime! Oh, make sure you pick up one that includes a lid, as boiling water is faster, less water is lost to evaporation, and it also keeps insects and dirt out of your water and food.
All these tools paired together make an excellent kit. Each tool has multiple uses, except the firesteel, but this piece of kit is essential if you want to get a fire going easily, otherwise, you can make a bow drill set from the materials around you, which is much harder to do.
Use the axe to fell a dead tree, split some logs, baton them with the knife to make kindling, make some feather sticks, and hit them with a few sparks from the firesteel, and you have a fire to keep you warm, cook over, and provide some light in the dead of night.